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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hillary Miguel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 11 Oct 2009 17:46:14 +0200
Subject: Your email won FIFA online promotions

This is to notify you that this e-mail address was entered during the FIFA confederation cup in South Africa  for Asia, Antarctica, Africa, Europe,   Australia and Oceania, North and South America  selection Draw and has won the sum of $2,220,000.00  (Two Million Two Hundred And Twenty thousand dollars only). This is a Scientific Computer Game in which your Email Address was used. It is a Promotional Program by FIFA ONLINE PROMOTION and is hosted by FIFA for the upcoming World cup soccer games in South Africa; therefore you do not require buying Ticket to enter for it. Your payment is quaranteed   via international Bank Draft (Cheque) or Visa Debit Card or wire transfer (bank to bank transfer) if  requested.
For claim please contact the below Agent for immediate process of your claim; Remember to quote these numbers below for verification by the company.
REF: PP-21180-ES 
BATCH: PP-245-44
you should include Your
Phone Number:
Direct Mobile Number:
Dr Steven Sello Modiba (Claim Director)
Tel:27 78 563 9041
Fax:27 86 689 7445
Payment Process Centre
Mrs H. Miguel
FIFA Johannesburg Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: