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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hillary Erik" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 2 Jan 2100 21:58:28 +0100

Online Email Sweepstakes program Cisco Network Inc.,
This is to inform you that your Email Address attached to a Ticket Number
(3147118-31) has won the prize Sum of EUR500,000.00 Only (Five hundred thousand Euro Only),in an Email Sweepstakes program held on the 30th October 2009.

contact person: Mr. Richmond Williams

TEL: +31-634-176-328

reply to E-mail to:

Below are your Winning Datas:
Email Ticket Number 3147118-31
Reference Number: HP9128711
Batch Number : 00/34987119
Serial Number: 12354-21

Please note that all winning must be claim not later than 15th November 2009

Hillary Erik

Anti-fraud resources: