fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claims office" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +448704717531 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "EURO TELECOM PROMOTIONS INC." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 04 Dec 2009 00:47:35 +0000
Subject: POWER BALL PROMOTIONS.
Dear Power Ball Winner,
Your winning details and guidelines have been attached to this notification letter, to enable you process your claim. Kindly check the attached file and revert back to this office on the given contact details inclusive of reply e-mail address and fax number.
REF: BT/ 17209/2009
BATCH: FPS / BT/147
SERIAL NO: 2 - 7- 2 0 - 5
"POWER-BALLS" 11-17- 18- 25- 30- 37- 44 Bonus 21
REGIONAL CLAIMS OFFICE DETAILS:
Contact: Dr. Cedric Willoughby
(Regional Claims Manager)
Tel: + 44 792 407 9876
Fax: +44 870 471 7531
At your disposal, I remain,
Very Truly Yours,
MRS. Edith Allen-McPherson
(Power-Ball Promotions co-coordinator)
Euro Telecom Promo Inc., UK HQTS.