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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Obidiah Malafia" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 11 Dec 2009 16:44:31 +0100
Subject: Confirm the receipt

C .B .N
TEL: +234-1 665 9797
                           CONFIDENTIAL COURIER PAYMENT
ATTN: Sir /Madam,
I am Dr.Obidiah Malafia,Deputy Governor Central Bank of Nigeria.I decided to contact you because of the prevailing security report reaching my office and the intense nature of polity in Nigeria.
This is to inform you about our plan to send your fund to you via cash Delivery, this system will be easier for you and for us. We are going to send your contract part payment of US$15.3. Million to you via courier service.s I have secured every needed document to cover the money. Note: The Money is coming on 2 security proof boxes, the boxes are sealed with Synthetic nylon seal and padded with machine. I will use my position as The Governor CBN to release this fund to You. The boxes are coming with a Courier agent who will accompany the Boxes to your house address.
All you need to do now I to send to me:
1. Your full house address
2. Your identity such as, international passport or driver's license
3. Your contact phone numbers,
The Courier Agents attached will travel with this required information's
For the delivery of your fund. He will call you immediately he arrives
Your country's airport. I hope you understand me.
I will let you know when these consignments will be lifted, and Note: The Agent does not know the original contents of the boxes.
What declared to them as the contents is Sensitive Photographic Film Material. I did not declare money to them please. If they call you and Ask you the contents please tell them the same thing ok.
Call me immediately and I will let you know how far I have gone with The arrangement.I will secure the clearance Certificate that will be tagged on the boxes which I will dispatch along with the security inner Keys of the consignments to enable you access these consignments has soon as it delivered to you. This clearance will make it pass every custom checkpoint all over the world without hitch.
Confirm the receipt of this message and send the requirements to me Immediately you receive this message.
Lastly do call me on my direct telephone Tel:+234-1 665 9797 for more clarification once you receive this mail irrespective of time difference.Just give me a call for today only.
I look forward to your having thoughtful understanding and immediate response.
Best Regards,
Dr.Obidiah Malafia
Central Bank of Nigeria.

Anti-fraud resources: