fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "there is no risk involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "David" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 11 Dec 2009 04:07:46 -0800
Subject: TREAT AS URGENT. SOIYFNHDER
MY NAME IS DOCTOR DAVID FELIX, I HAVE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO LINK WITH YOU ABOUT THE
GENESIS OF THIS FUND AND I WANT YOU TO ACT AS QUICK AS POSSIBLE I SHOULD HAVE POST
YOU A LETTER BUT IS NOT SECURED.GO THROUGH THIS LINKS; I AM WORKING WITH THE
SECURITY COMPANY WHERE SOME OF THIS MONEY WAS KEPT.
I HAVE BEEN ABLE TO MOVE OUT SOME OF THIS MONEY OUTSIDE WHERE THEY WERE BEING
DEPOSITED, I WANT TRUST WORTHY SOMEONE WHO WOULD STAND AS THE SOLE BENEFICIARY
OF THE SAID FUND.THERE IS VALID DOCUMENTS BACKING THE MONEY, FOR THE CLAIM AND THERE
IS NO RISK INVOLVED, I AM THE ONLY ONE WHO KNOWS ABOUT THIS MONEY, WHEN I HEAR FROM
YOU, I WILL TELL YOU THE AMOUNT AND HOW WE WILL GO ABOUT IT AND GET THE MONEY
WITHIN 7 WORKING DAYS.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED SEND ME YOUR FULL DETAILS VIA MY FAX NUMBER, AND I WILL EPLAIN
BETTER TO YOU OR EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone Number: +233-5415-53588,
Fax Number: +44-8447-741545
BELOW ARE THE LINKS WHERE THE FUNDS GENERATED.
(4) C:\Documents and Settings\user\Desktop\BBC NEWS Africa UK targets Nigeria's stolen loot.htm