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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dutch National Program" <>
Date: Tue, 22 Dec 2009 01:02:21 +0100 (CET)
Subject: Nederland Star Prize

Nederland Star Prize

Ref: DXF502117NLP
Batch: BGS4096118VIP
Winning No: AMS7412/01NL

We are delighted to inform you of our Lucky Day Lotto prize release for
November 27th 2009 from the Nederlands awards. This is fully based on an
electronic selection, Winners were picked by computerized system, drawn
from over 50,000,000 companies and individuals e-mail addresses worldwide.
You hereby have been approved a lump sum pay of €950,580,00 Euro in cash
credit file Ref:PGN/NL701/3VF from the total cash prize shared amongst
Three lucky winners in this difference category. Simply contact Our claims

Mr. Rob Van Dirk

Congratulations!! once again.

Yours in service,
Mrs. Cartrina Martijn
Public Relations Officer
Nederlands Lucky Day Loto

Anti-fraud resources: