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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "notification desk" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 23 Dec 2009 14:26:21 -0800
Subject: YOU HAVE BEEN SELECTED !!!......

Your email address have won you a total sum of €2,000,000.00 (Two million euros) in cash credited to file REF:JFK/82396/09/315116127 This is from a total cash prize of €60,000,000.00 Million euros shared amongst the thirty (30) international winners in this category in the LUXURY ONLINE LOTTERY FINANCIAL PROMOTIONS. Your email address was selected randomly through computer ballot system extracted from over 1,000,000 companies and individuals email addresses,This promotion takes place annually.To file for your claims, Contact the accredited Claims agent with your personal information such as your full names, contact address, Telephone and Fax numbers:

To file your €2,000,000.00 (Two million euros) claims, please contact the accredited Claims agent:

Mr.Ralph Green.
Goldwyne trust inc.
TEL: +44 702 405 8554
Fax: +44 871-247-6031

Yours Sincerely,
Mrs.Angela Heinz,
Online coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: