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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr. Musa Ibrahim <>
Date: Sat, 02 Jan 2010 16:08:32 +0000
Subject: Celebrate With Me!!!

Dearest Friend,

This is to inform you about my success in getting the money moved under the cooperation of a new partner from South America. Presently I'm in Tuvalu for investing my own part of the money. Meanwhile, I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in moving the cash despite that both of us could not make it.

Now contact our lawyer, his name is Emmanuel Ebere and his email address is ask him to send you US$850,000.00 in a check which I kept for your compensation for all the past efforts and attempts to assist me in this matter. I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. So feel free and get in touch with our lawyer Emmanuel Ebere and instruct him where to send the check to you.

Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the sufferings at that time. In the moment, I am very busy here investing with my new partner. Finally, I have forwarded instruction to our lawyer to send the Confirmable Draft to you, so feel free to get in touch with Emmanuel Ebere and he will send the Draft to you without any delay. You may call him at 234 8056765499.

Best Regards,

Dr. Musa Ibrahim

Anti-fraud resources: