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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "African Development Bank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 5 Jan 2010 21:41:30 -0000
Subject: Thanks For Your Cooperation.

African Development Bank
Nigeria Country Office (NGFO)
Plot 813, Lake Chad Crescent District, Abuja, Nigeria
Official Site:
TEL: +234-805-2722898


I Am Mr. Herve Assah, Resident Representative, African Development Bank. This Is To Bring To Your Notice That My Office Has Taking Over All The Money Transaction Originated From Any were in the world/Part Of African And Europe Countries As Contract Payment, Fund Inheritance Or Lottery Winning Due To Unauthorized/Incapability Of Financial Institutions/Security Companies In Releasing Such Huge Sum Of Money Due To Fraud, Terrorist And Money Laundry Activities Going On World Wide.

The World Bank Group Has Mandated the African Development Bank via My Office to Release Funds to Beneficiaries through Our corresponding bank(citibank london) by wire transfer to your nominated bank account. Hence Your Name Appears As One Of The Fund Beneficiaries Whom Their Fund Was Successfully Cleared Recently From Terrorist And Money Laundry And Your payment Will Be Released To You as soon as possible To Avoid Paying Excess Charges.

As Regard To This Arrangement, You Are Advised To Contact our office now Tel: +234-805-2722898 , Email: and also To Forward Your Direct Tel/fax Numbers, and Your Complete information For Immediate Release Of Your Money, Most Importantly Be Aware That your full payment Was Allocated To You, Be Also Informed That The Fund Approvals And Authorization Document Including Anti-terrorist Clearance Certificate Was Issued In Your Name And Has Been Handed Over to our bank To Release To You Through Any Faster Courier Company, Therefore Be Aware That Your Fund Has Obtained All Her Clearance To Be Released To You.

Finally we are Standby to Receive Your Communication and Release Your Funds to You Through the mode of payment you will need that is listed above Without Further Delay. And also We Are Working 24 Hours To Be Able To Meet up With The Mandate Given By The World Bank. It Is Better That You Contact us For More Detailed Information and your among the 10 people that will receive payment this month.

Thanks For Your Cooperation.

Mr. Herve Assah,
Resident Representative

Anti-fraud resources: