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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Adre" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 8 Jan 2010 05:20:30 -0800

Dear sir/madam,
I am most grateful to contact your high esteemed company in terms of
joint business partnership. I will be most grateful to do business with
you and shall herein be referred to as investor whereas you shall be
referred to as the investment manager.
Presently, we have a commodity of 500kg of raw Gold dust 22carat / 95+%
purity. This product is valued USD$:8,000,000.00 (eight million united
states dollars)only.
My main motive of contacting you is to act as a mediator between me and
the buying company in London. The reason being that I do not want the
buying company to have a direct access to the director because if they
do they will have the goods at the rate of USD$16,000 per kg but on my
own I have given the company a high rate and they have accepted to buy
but there is absolutely no way i could sale to them without having an
agent. Be informed that we are to make a huge amount to the tune of
USD$:7,000,000.00 as our profit. This money shall be sent to you as the
agent, thereafter you shall send the principal amount of
USD$:8,000,000.00 to the company;s account which I will provide in due
course after a successful conclusion with the buying company in London.
We will be most grateful if you could outline on a few questions below
for benefit of doubt:-
(A) Apart from your company or field of business, what kind of
investment do you suggest and think we can put the funds (our profit of
USD$:7,000,000.00) into after selling the gold
(B) How much profit can we make monthly or per annum?
(C) What percentage do you require as investment manager?
Furthermore, upon the receipt of your acceptance letter,i shall furnish
you with the comprehensive information of the buyer in London for
onward business relationship with the buyer while i will be here to
guide you on way forward.
May I crave your indulgence to please keep this request for business
relationship very confidential as I would not want anything that will
dent my reputation as the Personal Assistant (P.A.) to the Director
and CEO of the company. I also want to assure you that your interest
will be utmostly protected.
We look forward to your immediate response and as well count on your
maximum cooperation.
private email:

Anti-fraud resources: