fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: CITIC GROUP <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 28 Jan 2010 20:28:41 +0100
Rm. C, 16F, Bldg. 2, 3500,
Kai Xuan Road,
First and Foremost,i wish to introduce to you CITIC GUOAN GROUP Ltd.This
company was established in 2005 and also Registered with the chinese
Government.This Company is based in China and have severals Branches in
We are Basically Into Building materials as well as Build Gagantic
and we export the Materials for Construction of GIGANTIC Stadium.
We are currently searching for representatives who can help us establish a
medium of getting to our customers in Canada/America and Europe
as well as making payments through you to us.
Subject to your satisfaction you will be given
the opportunity to negotiate your mode of which we will pay for your
services as our representative in Canada/America and Europe.
You receive 10% for each payment you receive on our Behalf.
Please if you are interested forward the following requirement
To indicate your interest.
1. Full names.
2. Residential address.
3. Your email address
4. Phone number.
5. Fax number.
9.Your state/ Country of location
Upon Receipt of this Requested informations,we shall provide you with the
necessary Details of how to finally become our Company Payment Receiving
in your regions.
Please send your Response to the EMAIL: email@example.com
CITIC GUOAN GROUP.