fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Robert Dewar" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 29 Jan 2010 08:08:27 +0100
Subject: Happy New Year. YOUR COMPENSATION. Reply ASAP.
British High Commission
Metro Plaza, Plot 991/992a
Cadastral Zone AO,
Central BusinessDistrict, Abuja.
You are listed and awarded for payment during the last UN. meeting on how to tackle issues such as scams, get back to us as soon as possible for the immediate payment of your compensation funds. On this faithful recommendations, I want you to know that during the last UN meetings held in Abuja, Nigeria, it was alarmed so much by the rest of the world in the meetings on the lose of funds by various foreigners to the scam artists operating in syndicates all over the world today, in other to retain the good image of the country and to make sure that this christmas is well celebrated, the president of the Country in collaboration with the UNITED NATION is now paying 104 individuals and victims whose names where chosen randomely to maintain good relationship among nations.
Due to the corrupt and inefficient banking systems in Nigeria, the payments are to be paid through (Mr. Robert Dewar) BRITISH COMMISSION, through their funding streams such as the Strategic Programme Fund (formerly GOF), Public Diplomacy Project Fund, Bilateral Programme Budget and Returns & Re-integration Fund also under funding assistance by the Central Bank of Nigeria. According to the number of applicants at hand, 84 proved victims has been paid, half of the victims are from the United States,Europe and Asia, we still have more 20 left to be paid the compensations.
Your particulars was mentioned as one of people to benefit from this compensation, you are hereby warned not to communicate or duplicate this message to anyone for any reason for whatsoever, You will receive your compensations payments via an ATM cash able at any ATM center around your country. You will receive further modalities as soon as you contact me with the following information:
1. contact telephone number
2. Delivery address.
Send the above information immediately for further directives, and also you call me on phone: +2348065434240
Mr. Robert Dewar