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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr David Marshal." <>
Date: Thu, 11 Feb 2010 08:37:14 -0800 (PST)

Bill and Exchange Manager
Cotonou,Republic Of Benin.
Dear Sir/Ceo,
I am Mr David Marshal,  Bill and Exchange Manager of the FINANCIAL BANK,of the Federal Republic of Benin.I know we have not met in person, but it is my wish to solicite your assistance in a business opportunity that will be benefited for you and I.
During our investigation and auditing in my Bank, in my department I came across an abandoned  sum of money US$5.000.000 US dollars ( Five Million US Dollars) In an account that belongs to one of our foreign customer late MRS.F.A  SHAFIQ , a citizen of  LIBANON  who died along wi th her entire family on 25th December 2003 in a plane crash.

Since we got information about her death, I have been expecting her Next of Kin to come over and claim her money because the management cannot release it unless somebody applies for it as Next of Kin or Relation to the Deceased as indicated in our Banking guidelines but unfortunately I learnt that all her family died alongside with her at the plane crash leaving nobody behind for the claim.

Seems you are a Foreigner you can easily make this deal with me , I will assist you to locate every proof document which will help you to execute this mo ney from the Banking computer.

I will arrange to formalize your papers so that you can be approved as Next-of-Kin to our late client and the Fund can be released to you immediately.

The courier/security company has agreed to release the Fund in Cash Payment System to the Next-of-kin to our late client through  their liaison office depending on the area he/she may base.

They can pay in these countries;Europe:-Spain,Holand,France and london etc, Asia:-Dubai,Thailand,Taiwan,India,Indonesia,Malays ia and Singapore,African:-South-Africa,Ghana and Togo,America:-USA,Canada, Brazil,Peru and Mexico etc.
Or the Fund can be transfer into your account through Bank to Bank wire transfer system.
I will also appreciate for your positive response while you contact me once you receive this mail .
This matter requires your urgent attention, confidentiality and discretion no matter what your decision may be. Call me immediately you receive this mail:+229 93 97 4201.
You are advice to send your reply to me through this my private e-mail address:
Thanks and Best Regards.

Yours faithfully,

Mr David Marshal.
Bill and Exchange Manager,
Financial Bank,
Cotonou Republique of Benin West Africa.

Anti-fraud resources: