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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR TUDON MICHAEL." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 20 Feb 2010 04:50:49 +0100

I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds transferred under the cooperation of a new partner from paraguay i did not forget your past effort to assist me in this matter. I am compensating you with this $850,000.00 usd. Now contact my secretary,his name is James Labonte his email is :( )phone number +229-98824009.Ask him to send you the total sum $850.000 which I kept for your compensation so feel free to get intouch with him without any delay because the draft cheque is having only 21 days to expire.
Best Regards,

Anti-fraud resources: