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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Sgt Robert William Hunt <>
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2010 19:16:05 +0100
Subject: Immediate response

Hello friend,

I hope my email meets you well. I am in need of your assistance. My
name is Sgt
Robert William Hunt. I am in the Engineering military unit here in Ba'qubah in
Iraq; we have some amount of funds that we want to move out of the country.

My partners and I need a good partner someone we can trust. It is oil
money and
legal. Basically, since we are working for the government we cannot keep these
funds, but we want to transfer and move the funds to you, so that you can keep
it for us in your safe account or an offshore account. However, we are
moving it
through Diplomatic means, to send it to your house directly or a bank of your
choice using Diplomatic Courier Service. The most important thing is
that can we
trust you? Once the funds get to you, you take your 30% out and keep
our own 70%
.Your part of this deal is to find a safe place where the funds can be
sent. Our
own part is sending it to you. If you are interested I will furnish you with
more details. Nevertheless, the whole process is simple and we must keep a low
profile at all times. Waiting for your urgent response via my private email:
This business is risk free.

Sgt Robert William Hunt

Anti-fraud resources: