fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "% of every payment" (Beware of any scheme that involves depositing checks or money orders or receiving wire transfers in your bank account and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere, for a percentage of 5-15% of the total. Such offers are *always* fraudulent and you will be liable for the entire amount when the checks, money orders or wire transfers turn out to be fraudulent. Any money already forwarded comes out of *your* pocket then. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "JIM SCOTT" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2010 06:27:44 -0700
Subject: BOOK KEEPING/ PART TIME JOB
The Arts & Crafts Home company needs immediate opening for a part-time book-keeper/Finance Co-ordinator to join our team.
You do not need to have an office & this certainly woun't disturb any-form of work you have going on at the moment.
We need Responsible, Legitimate & Trustworthy Persons to work as FINANCE CO-ORDINATOR to assist us in processing & handling payments from our customers & we offer a very attractive remuneration package & good
1:- Upon verification of your application & found satisfactory, your contact details shall be given to our clients in your vicinity in respect of their further payment.
2:- Contact us as soon as payment is received by you. An instruction shall be given to you further on how to get the funds to our company.
3:- Your Remuneration shall be 10% of every payment received.
4:- A good customer relationship is expected from you.
* The average monthly income is about $3000.00
* No form of investments from you.
* This job takes only 1-2 hours per day.
These are legitimate transactions between our customers & our company representatives over the years & there is no legal risk as these are payments for art-works already bought & delivered.
Upon good conduct, you are eligible to be a permanent staff of The Arts & Crafts Home.
Prospective applicants should forward the following info to
2.Phone number/fax -
3.Full contact address-( NOT P.O.BOX )
4.Valid Email Address
Note:- ANYONE BELOW 22 YEARS OF AGE IS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR THIS OFFER.
Human Relations Officer
NOTE :- ANY FORM OF IRREGULARITY OR FRAUDULENT ACT WOULD NOT BE