fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "my names are " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: CHARLES KOFI <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2010 14:50:04 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Dear ,
With due respect sir, am here to pass this information to you but you must keep this topmost secret in other for me not to lose my job. I happen to found your file among the doormat transactions.
My names are Mr.Charles Kofi, Director Foreign Transfer in Cedi House (Bank of Ghana).I am newly employed so I decided to crosscheck all transaction made over 5 years from now. And will be glad if you detail me with your contact information to enable me transfers your fund to your bank in your country.
Meanwhile, I am going to take 40% of the total fund after I must have finish transferring your fund to you. You have to look for KTT software that will be use to Trans load and transfer your fund without any one knowing when the fund will be transferred.
You would have asked your self the reason why people always lost their money in African. It is as a result of greediness from some managers, where by they will hide peopleâs files and their transaction will be doormat. In so doing they will make sure that the fund is shared among the deal men.
(Director Foreign Transfer)