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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sgt. Paul Wayne Maes" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2010 08:04:12 -0700
Subject: Good Day to you,

Good Day to you,

My name is Sgt. Paul Wayne Maes. I am in the Engineering military unit here in
Ba'qubah in Iraq,we have some amount of funds that we want to move out of
the country.My partners and I need a good partner someone we can trust. It
is oil money and legal. Basically since we are working for the government
we cannot keep these funds, but we want to transfer and move the funds to
you, so that you can keep it for us in your safe account or an offshore
account. But we are moving it through Diplomatic means, to send it to your
house directly or you travel to Either Malaysia

The most important thing is that can we trust you? Once the funds get to
you, you take your 30% out and keep our own 70%. Your own part of this deal
is to find a safe place where the funds can be sent to. Our own part is
sending it to you.If you are interested please contact me via my private
email on:

i will furnish you with more details.


Sgt.Paul Wayne Maes

Please email me here: and QUOTE : DIPLOMAT IRAQ/112

Anti-fraud resources: