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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Kwabena Duffuor <>
Date: Tue, 23 Mar 2010 11:57:32 +0000
Subject: RE: Contact

Dear Mr.John Morgan.

I receive your email. and the money you send to the barrister. the barrister run away withthe money. you forward the detail of the barrister to me. i sent B N I to investigate about him so wwe get it attitsted.

can you image the barrister run with money you sent.

you forwaard ot contact to me. because i did.t come to me office wity money.

i hope to hear from you


(HONOR) Dr Kwabana Duufour

Miniser of finance

Anti-fraud resources: