fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447005938443 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "Rwanda Rehabilitation Project" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2010 21:04:46 +0100
Subject: THE PROJECT
I am David Read, a British and the Project Director of Rwanda Rehabilitation Project. Our organisation is a British sponsored programme established to resuscitate the affected Rwandans' during their ill-fated Genocide of 1994. You can visit the websites below for further details:
As the Project Director, I handle all our clients' Direct Growth Funds. As a routine, every client gets dividend from the government's Common Investment and Common Deposit Funds.
Last year it was announced that the Growth Fund was 20%; after calculating carefully, I found out that the Growth Fund was 21.1%, which is in excess of 1.2%. These excess resulting from sudden decrease in number of our clients. I extracted the 1.2% Excess Maximum Return Growth Fund (EMRGF) from the Marginal Deposit Fund. As a result of this, I made over 22, 745, 000 GBP from the EMRGF; and hereby looking for someone to trust who will stand as a beneficiary to receive the fund as Annual Investment Proceeds from the Common Investments and Common Deposits Fund.
All confirmable documents to back up the claims will be made available to you prior to your acceptance.
Meanwhile, I have worked out the modalities and technicalities whereby the funds can be claimed once an application is brought forward. Our sharing ratio will be 60:40 should you be interested.
Please contact me with your private telephone numbers on firstname.lastname@example.org or call +447005938443 for further details.
Thank you in anticipation of your cooperation.
David Read (OCSI)
Rwanda Rehabilitation Project, UK.
Copyright ©Rwanda Rehabilitation Project 2010. Charity No: 156035.
Rwanda Rehabilitation Project , UK . Registered Office: Colonnade, Sunbridge Road , Bradford BD6 9HQ . Registered Number 156035 England.