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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "PAUL OKAFOR" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2010 16:45:56 -0700
Subject: From:Central Bank of Nigeria

FROM:Dr Paul Okafor.
Central Bank of Nigeria.
Lagos Nigeria.

Dear Sir/Madam,

Sequel to the secretive arrangement in regards of the shipment of your contract sum, I wish to inform you that all necessary modalities have been automatically concluded and have left Nigeria to London today by Express Cargo Flight.

Note carefully the content of the crate is "MONEY" but I did not disclose it to the Courier Services as Money,rather I informed them that the crate contain Vital"DIPLOMATIC DOCUMENTS" belonging to my client (that´s you). Furthermore, the weight of the consignment is 220kg but I manage to pay for 120kg, which cost US$25,600.00. On no account should you disclose the content of the crate with the Diplomatic Courier Services for fear of betrayal. So do not allow them to know that the content is money.

In the meantime,I will give you the contact of the Diplomatic Courier Services for you to contact them and know the actual situation, immediately their arrival London.Do confirm to me your below details for proper identification by the diplomateson the arrival to london to be delivered to you in your country on proper agreement between you and i.

1:Your Full name
2:Your Private Phone and Fax Number
3:Your Address
4:A copy of your international or driver's license for identification
5:Age and occupation

Please, Advise me as soon as possible of your true position and also assure me that my share will be safe with you. Or give

me a call immediately on this Telphone Number : 234-8033669825 E-mail

Best Regards,

Dr Paul Okafor.

Anti-fraud resources: