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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2010 20:45:23 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Your Payment Has been Release today through Western Union

Attn, Dear,
We have concluded to effect your payment $1.5,000.000.00 thousand dollars through western union today, but the maximium amount you will be receiving each day starting from tomorrow is $5,000.00 daily until the funds is completely transfered.
Contact  Western union Agent with below information:
Contact Person Rev.Peter J. Orumiliego
Contact Phone Number: 00229-97563 507
E-mail: (
Though, Mr.John Williams $5,000.00 made in your name today so contact Rev.Peter Orumiliego and tell him to give you the mtcn, sender name and question/answer to pick the $5,000.00 Pls let me know as soon as you received all your funds $1.5,000.000.00 So, contact them now with your below information listed:
Beneficiary Full Name:............
Home and Office Address:................
Home and Office Telephone Number:.......
Your Country ...........................
A Copy Of Your ID  ..................
Best Regards

Barrister Daniel Migan


Anti-fraud resources: