fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- -----opprinnelig melding----- fra: online promo [mailto:email@example.com] sendt: 14. april 2010 00:03 til: undisclosed-recipients: emne: (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Odd Vorhaug" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 16 Apr 2010 11:20:12 +0200
Subject: VS: [SPAM]: call to confirm
Fra: ONLINE PROMO [mailto:email@example.com]
Sendt: 14. april 2010 00:03
Emne: [SPAM]: call to confirm
Result FROM January sweepstakes program:
From: dayzers Nederland organization:
Official Website: www.dayzers.nl,
Result sweepstakes program:
Our Dear winner,
Congratulations your email is among the seven lucky winners that won
1,000.000.00. (One Million, Euro) each in the just concluded draw held to
promote dayzers lottery, Sponsored by COCA-COLA INTERNATIONAL Amsterdam, for
prize claiming, Contact dayzers claims department
Dayzers claims department
Your verification, while quoting: (1) Your full name(s) and nationality ;(2)
your winning information; (3)telephone number.
These are your winning information?s:
WINNER NUMBER: DTOW 1396 62U7A
Remember, all winning must be claimed not later than 7 days of this
Mrs. Joyce Zeumeren
SERVICIO DE CORREO ELECTRONICO
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA