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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hemly Omar" <>
Date: Mon, 19 Apr 2010 17:18:13 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: hi

Johar Othman & Hemly Law Firm,
Kuala Lumpur,

Good day, I must first apologize for this unsolicited email to you. I am
aware that this is certainly not a conventional way of approach to
establish a relationship of trust, but you will realize the need for my

I am a senior advocate of Malaysia and a legal practitioner with Johar
Othman & Hemly Law Firm, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, I need your assistance in
repatriating $15.5m left behind by my late client,who died as a result of
high blood pressure, because he lost his wife and the only daughter in the
2004 tsunamis natural disaster while on their holiday in Aceh, Indonesia
before it is declared unserviceable. Every attempt to trace any member of
his family has proved unsuccessful and abortive. I will give you more
information upon your response to this proposal on how to go about the
claim and the percentage we would get from the fund. My Email:

Best Regards,
Hemly Omar (Esq.)

This message has been scanned for viruses and
dangerous content by MailScanner, and is
believed to be clean.

Anti-fraud resources: