fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "farida waziri" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: EFCC OFFICE NIGERIA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 20 Apr 2010 15:16:01 +0530 (IST)
Subject: ATTENTION FUND OWNER,
ATTENTION FUND OWNER,
I am Mrs. Farida Waziri,Chairman of Economic and Investigation Office E
.f.c.c Nigeria,there is presently a counter claims on your funds by one
Mrs.Susan Ben, who is presently trying to make us believe that you are
dead and even explained that you entered into an agreement with him, to
help you in receiving your fund.So here comes the big question.Did you
sign any Deed of Assignment in favor of (Mrs.Susan Ben). thereby making
him the current beneficiary with his following account details:
B/NAME:HSB Bank Boendets Bank,
we shall proceed to issue all payments details to the said Mrs.Susan
Ben,Please you are been Advice to contact this email
Wiating for your urgent reply.