fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claims agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "foreign service manager" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (AOL Instant Messenger; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- 7 28801, madrid spain. tel nš: 01134 675 147 113 firstname.lastname@example.org audited entry report / winning notification audit control (Aim; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "EUROMILLON INTERNATIONAL LOTTERY PROGRAM" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 30 Apr 2010 22:49:51 +0200
Subject: AUDITED ENTRY REPORT / WINNING NOTIFICATION
CALLE SAN JULIAN, 7
28801, MADRID SPAIN.
TEL Nº: 01134 675 147 113
AUDITED ENTRY REPORT / WINNING NOTIFICATION
Audit Control Number: D2A610
I.D. Number: 5868 1120 7341
REF NUMBER: DU772/988/5521
BATCH NUMBER: EM325109579
We are very happy to inform you of this year's release of the EUROMILLON INTERNATIONAL LOTTERY PROGRAM, held on 13TH APRIL, 2010. Your name was attached to ticket number 27522465896-6453 with serial number 3772-554 drew winning numbers 4,16,17,20,29, -7 which consequently won in the 3rd category, you have therefore been approved the winner for a lump sum pay out of ONE MILLION TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND US DOLLARS ONLY. ($1.200,000.00) congratulation! Note, all participants were selected through a computer ballot system drawn from Over 3,000,000, individuals worldwide.
The program was designed and promoted by European lottery and some other international lottery institutes that include Euro Millions Lottery Spain, etc. This is one of the biggest ever played in the world which aimed at changing the lives of millions of people. We hope with part of your winning you will take part in our next year 450 million euro lottery programme.
Please to help us proceed with your claims, this information must be kept away from public to avoid unwarranted abuse of the program or fraudulent acts from criminally minded and unauthorized individuals.
To begin your claims, contact CHIEF DR. JOSE GARCIA, the Foreign Service manager of DEXIA SECURITIES ON TEL Nº: +34 671 972 414 FAX Nº: +34 911 849 813 Email: email@example.com for the processing and remittance of your money. Remember to quote your reference number in all correspondence.
Finally all winning must be claimed not later than 29th MAY, 2010. After this date, the entire fund will be returned to the Spanish Board of Internal Revenue as unclaimed. Furthermore should there be any change of your personal details or address, do inform your claims agent as soon as possible. 10% of your winning will be paid to DEXIA SECURITIES as their commision for promoting your name AFTER you received your money in your designated account. Complete the form below and fax back to Fax Nº: 01134 911 849 813 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org for immediate processing of your winning.
DATE OF BIRTH:
BANK INFORMATION IS NEEDED ONLY IF YOU CHOOSE TO BE PAID BY BANK TRANSFER
(Note: Because of the insurance policy placed on your winning, Beneficiaries are responsible for their processing charges)
PAYMENT OPTION: (A) CERTIFIED CHEQUE (B) BANK TRANSFER
BENEFICIARY'S SIGNATURE :
Congratulations from our members of staff and thank you for being part of our program.
Dexia Securities is a Government-licensed Lottery Service Agency, which has been marketing National Lotteries to overseas subscribers for
over 23 years. Acting as agents on behalf of Lottery players around the world, Mapfre Seguros S.A makes it possible