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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Leslie" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 2 May 2010 17:06:13 +0200
Subject: Thanks for your prompt response.

Read with Absolute Seriousness.

I am Mr. Emile Leslie, I represent a top known figure in the United States, I have a very sensitive and private brief from her to ask for your partnership to re-profile funds over $25, 000, 000.00 USD. I will give the details, but in summary, the funds are coming via a Financial Institution in Europe. This is a legitimate transaction but desire the highest CONFIDENTIALITY.

You will be paid 40% of this fund for your proposed "MANAGEMENT FEES", to assist her re-profile these funds appropriately to a new investment location in your Country "IF" I am able to reach terms with you. If you are interested, please write back immediately and I will provide further details. Please keep this brief close to your chest as much as possible; we can not afford any problems with the United States Government and its allies as a result of the re-profiling of THESE FUNDS.

Write me back immediately via this email address:, as I look forward to it.

In Confidence,
Mr. Leslie.

Anti-fraud resources: