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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ATTORNEY GARVIN ABOH ESQ." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 3 May 2010 13:29:26 +0100


Please I will like to know if you have hired Attorney John Palmer as your representative towards the collection of your Inheritance that was bestowed to you by your Late Cousin that is kept with the insurance company. According to Attorney John Palmer he said you have hired his services as your representative Attorney to make this collection of your estate Inheritance payment certified bank draft cheque collection in safe keep with the insurance company that was deposited by your late cousin in treasury safe box number 778/ITDC.

As the attorney to the deceased, I was informed about your collection by the Insurance company .Which prompt me to take decisive actions immediately by reaching you via Email.

Should you have further communications, kindly direct it to my private mail ( )


Attorney Garvin Aboh Esq.
Legal Consultant on Mortgage Housing Equity, England.

Anti-fraud resources: