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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Peter Adams <>
Date: Mon, 26 Apr 2010 13:41:12 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: Reply ASAP

Dear Sir,

I am looking for interested individuals or companies that can receive my family inheritance money for investment, and want the person to assume responsibility of management on investment.

My late father stored US$8,500,000.00 dollars cash in a safe place to avoid government knowledge for his supposed presidential ambition before he was murdered.

Your benefits for assisting will be 25% of the total sum on delivery, and another 10% commission accruing from profit on investment. I look forward to your reply with full names, address and personal phone numbers for effective communications.

Very Sincerely,

Mr Peter Adams

Anti-fraud resources: