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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Hanson Peter" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 3 Jun 2010 11:22:17 +0200
Subject: Dear Winner

As a winner in our Lottery Programs,
You are to receive a cash prize of 1,000,000.00 Euro
from the total payout You are advice to include
your winning qulification WINNER NUMBER: DTOW 1396 62U7A

Mr.Hanson Peter

Telephone/Fax number:
Winning Email:

Sincerely Yours,
Mrs. Joyce Zeumeren

Anti-fraud resources: