fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Roh Dae-jung" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 3 Jun 2010 13:21:28 +0700
Subject: Reliable Confidential Trustee
Dear Friend/ Partner,
Greetings from me and my family.
My name is ROH DAE-JUNG, The brother of GENERAL. ROH TAE-WOO, the
former President of South Korea, He was hand-picked by the ex-general Chun
Doo-hwan to succeed him as president in 1988 to 1993,
After taking office in 1993, Roh's successor Kim Young-sam led an
anti-corruption campaign that saw Roh and Chun on trial for bribery . The
two former presidents were later separately charged with mutiny and
treason for their roles in the 1979 coup and the 1980 Gwangju Massacre.
After serving duly, he was accused of mass embezzlement which ran into
billions of won because of the GREAT OLYMPICS 1988 which brought Korea to
the world lime light, and was arrested but released after long years of
incarceration and now under scrutiny.
When I receive your positive response with your contact detail telephone and adresss
with your profile, I will let you
know where the security / finance company is and the payment pin code to claim the
money which is very important.we do not want the government of my Country
to know about the money because they will believe I got the money from my
brother while he was still in office as president .Once you confirm the
receipt of the money ,I will come over with my Children to your Country or
any Country in Europe to start a new life with my Family.
Please visit sites below for more informations about Mr. Roh's government.
Thank you in anticipation of your cooperation.