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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Francis" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 9 Aug 2010 14:00:16 +0200
Subject: Required your sincere efforts.

Dear Friend
I am chairman of contract award commitee with federal ministry of works
and housing in my province in Ghana west africa.I need surport of a
foreigner to move out the sum of $25.5million, presently in my position.
Contact me if you are interested through this
( )address for more information.
Joel Francis

Anti-fraud resources: