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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joy Kone <>
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2010 15:57:52 +0000 (GMT)

FROM MISS JOY KONE. Dearest one,
I am Miss Joy kone(19 years) the only surviving daughter of late Dr.James Kone.I am in possesion of some documents covering the deposit of US$15.5Million (fifteen million, five hundred thousand US dollars) which my late father deposited in one security company in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.But he declared it to security company as art work and family valuable items I have verified and confimed that it is in existance in the security company's custody here and it's authencity is clear. I await for your response. Best wishes
Miss Joy Kone

Anti-fraud resources: