fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "economic and financial crime commission" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "(efcc)" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "nuhu ribadu" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Sr. Nuhu Ribadu" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 11 Sep 2010 14:34:10 -0700
Subject: Important Notice
I am Dr.Nuhu Ribadu Chairman From Economic and Financial Crime Commission (Efcc) Investigation Office Nigeria,there is presently a counter claims on your funds by one Mr. John Wheeler, who is presently trying to make us believe that you are dead and even explained that you entered into an agreement with him,to help you in receiving your fund, So here comes the big question.
Did you sign any Deed of Assignment in favor of (Mr. John Wheeler).thereby making him the current beneficiary with his following account details:
MR JOHN WHEELER, AC/NUMBER: 6503809428.
B/NAME: CITI BANK,
we shall proceed to issue all payments details to the said Mr. John Wheeler, if we do not hear from you within the next two working days from today,
However, you are advice to email us immediatly and confirm to them also if Mr. John Wheeler. is from you or not.
Please note that you have less than 48hrs to get in contact with the paying bank before they proceed to issue all payments to the said Mr. John Wheeler.
Sr. Nuhu Ribadu
Chairman Efcc Investigation Office Nigeria
Direct Line: +234-80-2864-2146
Patrick Moore (Assistance)
This message has been scanned for viruses and
dangerous content, and is believed to be clean.