fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "GLOBAL FINANCIAL AGENCY" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2010 14:12:28 +0800
Subject: SPECIAL LOAN OFFER
Do you need 100% Finance?? MS. SANDRA WILLIAMS a financial lender and consultant, CEO Of GLOBAL FINANCIAL AGENCY,For Debt Consolidation Loans, Business Loans, Private loans, Home Refinancing Loans. The Offer Ranges from $5,000.00 Min. To $100,000,000.00 Max. at 2.0% interest per annum.Get the best for your family and own a dream home as well with our General Loan scheme.
If interested, Please provide the following:
Full Name/Address/Tel Number/Amount Required/Loan Terms/Duration
Note Bear in mind that it will take less than 48 Hours to process your file and the possibility of you getting a Loan from this firm is 100% Guaranteed no matter your Credit Score
Please all replies should be forwarded to the
Company's E-mail: email@example.com
Contact Person: Mrs. Sandra Williams