fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: euro million <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 23 Sep 2010 06:27:10 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Congratulations 'Europromotion'
Attn: Dear Lucky Winner,
Congratulations Once again!!!
NET-LOTTO is a non-profit, government-benefit association owned and operated by its 31 member lotteries. Each NET-LOTTO member offers one or more of the games administered by NET-LOTTO Offices. All profits are retained by this lottery and are used to fund projects approved by the stateÂ Â legislatures.
I wish to congratulate you for being one of the lucky winners of this year NET-LOTTO. Count yourself a lucky person. I am glad to inform you that I am in receipt of your mail and the provided required details, your winning Statement and winning prize payout of â¬3,000.000.00.(Three Million Euro), which will be ready for disbursement in exactly (4) days time. In this regard, you will be expected to accept the under listed method of delivery, due to high internet scam and fraudulent activities the board of this lottery has decided to apply the services of our affiliate Courier service delivery.
Note: Your fund with us is not in liquid form but in Bank Check, this advice complies with the Anti-Fraud section 2, sub section (IV) of the procedural manual of the funds disbursement agreement existing between lottery Boards and the Intercontinental Gaming Commission.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 1. COURIER DELIVERY.
In consonance with our policy in this regard, the Lottery Board exempts itself from all liability related to this service. The cost of thisÂ Â service would be borne by you; this is a Prerequisite for this option. We expect that you will notify us of your choice upon receipt of this message so that appropriate arrangement can be put in place with your choice of delivery for further processing and assistance of your funds disbursement contact our affiliate courier company in Spain (Contact Name: MR TONI RUBIO.TEL: +34 699 830 824, FAX: +34 911 820 388 and EMAIL: email@example.com)Â for necessary assistance and update.
Courier Contact And Details: - Note! This information should be sent to the Courier when contacting the office:
RefÂ No: PW 9590 ES 9414
Â Dispatch Officer: Mr. Toni Rubio Email:Â firstname.lastname@example.org