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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Loteria Nacional" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 27 Sep 2010 08:10:29 +1000
Subject: Your email has won 985,950.00


We happily announce to you the draw of the Loteria Nacional Special Global 2010 Promotional Draw
held in Madrid Spain.Your e-mail address attached to REF No; ESP/62934LN/2010, with
Batch No: CH 200 drew the Winning No: 02 10 16 18 27 41, Bonus No: 28
for LN-49 Lotto under the choice of the lottery in the 1st category.

All participants were selected randomly from World Wide Web site through
computer draws system and extracted from over 10,000,000 companies and personal
e-mails. So your email is your online automatic ticket that qualified you for
this draw. You have therefore been approved to claim a total sum of
985,950.00 Euros (nine hundred and eighty five thousand nine hundred and fifty euros)

In view of this, your total fund (nine hundred and eighty five thousand nine hundred and fifty euros) would be
released to you by following the directives of our Madrid payment officer.
He will immediately commence the processing of your payment to facilitate the
release of your funds as soon as you contact him. Therefore, you are required to
forward the following details to him to help facilitate the processing of your

TEL: +34 645 071 275

Best Regards

Maria Lopez

Anti-fraud resources: