fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million pounds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "JOHN M DALES" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 13 Sep 2010 10:24:20 +0200
Subject: X2.5MILLION (RBFD)
We are officials of ROYAL BANK OF SCOTHLAND in London United Kingdom we have in Escrow inheritance deposit fund unclaimed. We are looking for a reliable personal or company account that can assist us to claim total of £2.5MILLION POUNDS
The fund belongs to one of our female customer wife of formal president now late but well know politician. We assisted the customer to deposit the fund, now the customer is late without any next of kin to claim the money.
We are looking for a reliable beneficiary bank account that we can use as the business associate to claim the total money, with our instruction the money will be transfer directly into the account you will provide. If you are really interested in this deal, you will have 30% and 70% for us. Provide the below informations.
Bank account No:
Copy of your passport identification:
If you have account within Europe/USA the deal will only take 4 days, in Asia it will take 6 days. If you are not serious with this deal, dont reply this message.
If you are really serious please provide complete details to enable us proceed. This is real and we shall all be happy after the successfully remittance, the transaction security will be guarantee and secured. legal transfer documents from Federal Dept of Finance and Ministry of Justice will be obtain as backup for the transfer legally , copies will be send to you.
You must keep this message and deal strictly and confidential
Please contact me by Email at: email@example.com
John M Dales