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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jacob Josh <>
Reply-To: Jacob Josh <>
Date: Mon, 27 Sep 2010 02:38:53 -0400 (CLT)
Subject: HELLO


My name is Jacob Josh, I am the branch manager of Banco pichincha
Quito Ecuador. I got your information during my search through the
Internet.. I am 47years of age and married with 3 kids. It may
interest you to hear that I am a Man of peace, but
I do not know how you will feel about this because you may have double
mind. But I am telling you that this is real and you are not going to
regret after doing this transaction with me. I only hope that we can assist
each other. But if you don't want this business offer kindly forget it and
I will not contact you again.

I have packaged a financial transaction that will benefit both of us, as
the regional manager of Banco pichincha Quito Ecuador; it is my duty to
send in a financial report to my head office in the capital city (Quito
Ecuador) at the end of each year. On the course of the year 2009 end
of year report, I discovered that my branch in which I am the manager
made three million seven hundred and fifty thousand dollar [3, 750.000.00]
which my head office is not aware of it and will never be aware of. I have
since place this fund on what we call SUSPENSE ACCOUNT without any

As an official of the bank I can not be directly connected to this fund, so
this informed me of contacting you for us to work, so that you can assist
and receive this fund into your bank account for us to SHARE. Mean While
you will have 35% of the total fund, Note there are practically no risk
involved, it will be bank to bank transfer, all I need from you is to stand
claim as the original depositor of this fund who made the deposit with our
branch so that my Head office can order the transfer to your designated
bank account.

If you accept this offer to work with me, I will appreciate it very much as
soon as I receive your response I will give you details on how we can
achieve it successfully. Please contact me with this email address:

Best Regards
Mr.Jacob Josh

Anti-fraud resources: