fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "mtcn" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: " Mrs. Faith Malu." <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 2010 12:43:35 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Contact Western Union Money Transfer for you fund
Contact Western Union Money Transfer for you fund
Are you ready to pick up this $5,000.00 sent to you
today? We have concluded to effect your payment through Western Union Money
Transfer, and to send $5,000.00 daily to you until the $1.2 Million is
completely transferred to you. So you are advice to contact the Western Union
office Benin with below information;
Agent: Dr. Eddy Benson
Tel: +229 98505114
Though, Dr. Eddy Benson sent you $5,000.00
in your name today in my present, so contact him and tell him to give you the
MTCN, Sender name with the question and answer to pick up the $5,000.00 and then
start transferring your total money to you as I directed them. Finally, to avoid
anything happening to the money, I deposited it with an insurance coverage
Contact them now with your information as stated below.
Your full address.......
Your Phone number......
Mrs. Faith Malu.