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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "PRIZE AWARD 2010" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 2010 10:15:39 +0200
Subject: Prize award notification 2010

Ref. N: ESM/WIN/008/05/10/MA
Batch. N:EULO/2907/444/908/2010

Your E-mail address have won the sum of Eur950.000.00 in Euromillion
Notification Award 2010
promotion. For further enquiries, please contact our payment department with
your name telephone and address Via E-mail address beleow.

Mr.Pauly Ulrich
Tel: +34-672-877-516

Your Sincerely,
Anita Perez

Anti-fraud resources: