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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. John Okafor." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2010 08:37:48 -0700
Subject: To whom it may concern.

From: Barrister John O Okafor (Esq)
Legal Practitioners/ Notary Public
Block 24, Falomo Office Complex,
Ikoyi. Lagos- Nigeria.
Tele: 234-805-1699-544.


Att; Sir/Madam,

My name is Barrister. John Okafor, Legal adviser to Michael Coker, an Accountant Director with Union Bank, Lagos-Nigeria, we are looking at a property enhanced with all appurtenances, gardens, swimming pool, terraces, valid with a court yard, all bounding a detached house in the demised premises.

We urgently want to acquire and invest on properties e.g. Houses, Hotels as well as other lucrative venture, most importantly, as a top senior Bank officer with with bank, he urgently wants to buy houses and invest in any lucrative venture abroad so that he can relocate his

entire family out of the country, due to huge sum of money he Intended to move out of the Bank. If you are of genuine intensions and can handle this with us, please contact me as soon as possible via email or call me on my Direct Line:

+234-805-169-9544.for more details.

I urgently await your response, for it is very urgent.

Best regards,
Barrister.John Okafor.

Anti-fraud resources: