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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Michael Kuhn" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 28 Oct 2010 08:55:00 +1100
Subject: ***DTimeout*** Re: Be Informed 27/10/2010

Attention: Beneficiary,

My name is Mr. Michael G. Kuhn of the International Monetary Fund investigation unit. Attached pictures was received and forwarded to our office here in London UK today the 27TH Of OCTOBER, 2010 requesting that your unclaimed fund be paid to Theresa Morris.

In the said letter of change of beneficiary/ownership, representatives of Theresa Morris states that you are dead and as such your fund should be paid to her as the next of kin to you.

Because of the elaborate global scam, we decided to contact you for confirmation. If after seven working days, no response is received from you, it will be assumed that you are dead and as such authorization and approval will be granted on behalf of Theresa Morris to claim/receive your fund.

Confirm this pictures and reconfirm your Information and how you want your fund paid to you without further delay if you are still alive. Send your response to my email address:

Below is the information you are expected to re-confirm,

1. Full Name:____________________________
2. Address:______________________________
3. Nationality:____________Sex___________
4. Age:____________Date of Birth:________
5. Occupation:___________________________
6. Phone:_______Fax:_____________________
7. State of Origin:_______Country:_______
8. Driver's lincence:____________________
9. Copy Of Your Identity:________________

You can also call for clarification +447045721928



Mr. Michael G. Kuhn
International Monetary Fund Investigation Unit.
Tel: +447045721928

EMAIL NOTICE - This transmission may be strictly confidential. If you are not the intended recipient of this message, you may not disclose, print, copy, or disseminate this information. If you have received this in error, please reply and notify the sender (only) and delete the message. Unauthorized interception of this e-mail is a violation of P.R.LONDON UNITED criminal law.

Anti-fraud resources: