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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Stuart Rider <>
Date: Tue, 9 Nov 2010 13:03:05 -0800 (PST)
Subject: Dear Trusted Friend ,

Dear Trusted Friend ,
I wish to introduce you to this business  which would be beneficial to both of us and which has to be kept confidential for the purpose thereof. I am contacting you because i know that you are capable of handling the business and I want to invest my share of the money in your Country.
My name is Mr.Stuart Rider. An accountant [CPA] based in Benin Republic . I wish to seek your consent to present you as next of kin to my late client (Christian Eich, 57, an engineer), who died in the year  2000 in a plane crash involving Air France Concorde flight 4590 Paris' at Charles de Gaulle airport on 25 July 2000 leaving behind the sum of GBP 12,500,000.00 (Twelve  Million Five Hundred British Pounds) in Bank Of Africa and no next of kin to inherit the money.
With your assistance and my professional advice we can get access to the money because I am his Accountant and all the members of the Family died in the Plane Crash. You can as well confirm this news at the BBC News website:
( on Monday, 31 July, 2000, 13:22 GMT 14:22 UK victims of the AF4590 crash include all 109 people on board and five who died on the ground when the plane crashed into the Hotelissimo.
We shall both share the funds. 60% for me and 35% to you,while 5% should be for Expenses for your countries Government taxes as may be required.
I look forward to your positive response at your earliest convenience now that the Bank has written me twice to present his Next of Kin and if possible send along your telephone number, your correct address and name so I will call to give you further clarification.
Respond back through my email address:
I await your favorable response.

Mr.Stuart Rider
Tel: +229 97 65 87 48

Anti-fraud resources: