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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sup.Enalotto International" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 2010 12:10:02 -0800
Subject: Email Notification


This mail is to notify you that your Email Address
attached to a Reference Number: EG/069713160012
and a Serial nr: 2443-05 has won an Award Sum
of $515,810.00USD (Five Hundred And Fifteen
Thousand Eight Hundred And Ten USD) In an
Email Sweepstakes program held in our company

Dr.Miguel Sanchez
Telephone : Dial +34 672 961 451

Yours Sincerely,
Mrs.Maria Ballestera.

Anti-fraud resources: