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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ING BANK N.V" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 6 Dec 2010 06:24:19 +0100
Subject: Betreft: Account Verificatie


Amsterdam, 06 December 2010


Betreft: Account Verificatie

Geachte klant,

ING is niet in staat om uw account te verifieren. Uw account dient zo snel mogelijk geverifieerd te worden. U kunt uw account simpel weg verifieren door op de volgende link te klikken..


Lukt dit proces? Dan word u doorverwezen naar het Klantenservice pagina van Hoogachtend,

Customer Service,
2010 ING Bank N.V. Nederland

Anti-fraud resources: