fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fiduciary agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447045795051 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "Online Co-Ordinator" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 3 Dec 2010 12:30:48 +0100
Subject: Congratulations!!! You Have Won
British Euro Millions Results
Congratulations!!! You have won in the 356th Draw of the Euro Millions Online Promotions
The draw took place on Friday November 26th 2010 at 10pm CET (9pm UK time).
Your Email Address was attached to Millionaire Raffle: TBY718206 and drew the lucky Nos: 16 20 22 32 42 Bonus 9 from a total of 104,774 Email addresses in the 2nd Category. You have therefore been approved to claim a Star Prize of Two Million Seven Hundred and Fifty Four Thousand Pounds Sterling (£2,754,000.00) in cash credited to File No: 6712314/ZAR/2010. Below is your Winning Details;
Reference No: 27-39/MOP/2010
Batch No: 6-4/21/MOP/2010
Amount Won: £2,754,000.00
For claims, contact the Britain Claims Fiduciary Agent with details below with the above reference and batch numbers along with your full name and contact phone number for the release of your winnings:
Mr. Steve Cook
Congratulations once again
Mrs. Bridget Knowles
Euro Millions Online Promotions
Copy Right (C) 2010 Euro Millions Online Promotions