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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Maitre Davies" <>
Reply-To: "Maitre Davies" <>
Date: Mon, 13 Dec 2010 10:25:40 +0100
Subject: Can you do this?


I have a business proposal, which will give you an opportunity to partner in a multi-million business. If you are looking for a loan to finance your own business, cancel it now and partake in this deal. For your participation, you will earn 15% commission.

If you are interested then reply to receive more details. Please, include your Full names and Mobile number when you send your reply to

Yours sincerely,

Maitre Davies

Anti-fraud resources: