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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" <>
Date: Sun, 9 Jan 2011 21:28:45 +0100 (CET)
Subject: To This Mail Addressee,

To This Mail Addressee,
Your mail account has been selected as a reciever of 500,000 euro in an
international lot event.
Please contact the manager in charge of claims
with proper contact and your name for claims and clarification on

Please do not forget to mention ref: 09216671VT and Bt. 00129.

This is the file number of your lot register.

Thank you

Anti-fraud resources: