fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Victor Felix <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 15 Jan 2011 02:32:35 -0600
Subject: Acknowledge Reciept
I am Mr. Victor Felix. A solicitor to Mr. Andreas Schranner a German
who worked at Mount Resources Ltd, A geologist by profession who died
in AF4590 crash since 2000 along side with his entire family.
The deceased had a deposit (GBP60.7Million) which I helped him to open
in one of the leading banks here in London two years before his death.
Being his Solicitor here, his Bank has issued me a notice to provide
his next of kin or beneficiary, otherwise the account would be
CONFISCATED. My search for his relative was not successful
I seek your consent to present you as a relative/next-of-kin and
Beneficiary of my client, so that the proceeds of this account could
be paid to you and we can share the amount on a mutually agreed-upon
All legal documents to back up your claim as my client's next-of-kin
will be provided
This transaction will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that
will protect you from any breach of the law.
Please if you are really sure of your trustworthiness, integrity,
accountability and confidentiality on this deal, contact me with your
1. Your full name:
2. Your residence address:
3. Your company name:
4. Your occupation/position:
5. Your official age:
6. Your Marital position:
7. Your passport or identity card:
8. Your phone number:
Please reply with your complete information so that i will send you
the Official Letter of Claim as an application immediately to fill and
send to our bank for the commencement of the transaction. Meanwhile,
there will be legal back up which will indicate the reason of transfer
of the fund without any question from your government or bank.
Finally, do know that as you apply to our bank, the process of this
transaction will not last more than 8 days as much as you follow my
guidelines and instructions.
I am looking forward to read from you soonest.